The Answer

The process in which natural killer cells target immunoglobulin G-coated cells, resulting in cell lysis, is called B. Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity.

This nonphagocytic process kills an antibody-coated target cell via a cytotoxic effector cell. It's one of the ways monoclonal antibodies specifically target tumor cells.   

Adoptive transfer is the transfer of cells after in vitro activation. Pathogen associated molecular patterns are molecular components that are associated with groups of pathogens recognized by the innate immune system. Phagocytosis is the process of targeting, engulfing, and enzymatically destroying target cells.