New Multiple Myeloma Treatments Present New Challenges in Side Effect Management
New strategies are emerging to manage the complex side effects and adverse events from multiple myeloma (MM) therapies, Lorraine Mack, APN/MSN CNL, OCN®, AOCNS®, and Dodi Georges, MSN, CWON, OCN®, both from Northwestern Medicine, said during a session held September 14, 2021, at the ONS BridgeTM virtual conference. They shared best practices for nursing interventions for patients undergoing new treatment options.
FDA Approves Isatuximab-Irfc for Multiple Myeloma
On March 31, 2021, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved isatuximab-irfc (Sarclisa®) in combination with carfilzomib and dexamethasone for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received one to three prior lines of therapy.
FDA Approves Idecabtagene Vicleucel as the First Cell-Based Gene Therapy for Adult Patients With Multiple Myeloma
On March 27, 2021, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved idecabtagene vicleucel (Abecma), for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma after four or more prior lines of therapy, including an immunomodulatory agent, a proteasome inhibitor, and an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody. This is the first FDA-approved cell-based gene therapy for multiple myeloma.
FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Melphalan Flufenamide for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma
On February 26, 2021, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to melphalan flufenamide (Pepaxto®) in combination with dexamethasone for adults with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who received at least four prior lines of therapy and whose disease is refractory to at least one proteasome inhibitor, one immunomodulatory agent, and one CD-38–directed monoclonal antibody.
FDA Approves Selinexor for Relapsed or Refectory Multiple Myeloma
On December 18, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved selinexor (Xpovio®) in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refectory multiple myeloma who have received at least one prior therapy.
Multiple Myeloma Prevention, Screening, Treatment, and Survivorship Recommendations
Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell neoplasm and the second most common hematologic malignancy in the United States, although overall incidence rates are relatively low at approximately 32,000 annually. The overall five-year survival rate is 52%, and most people are diagnosed with the disease in later stages.
FDA Approves Isatuximab-irfc for Multiple Myeloma
On March 2, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved isatuximab-irfc (Sarclisa®) in combination with pomalidomide and dexamethasone for adult patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least two prior therapies including lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor.
FDA Approves Daratumumab for Transplant-Eligible Multiple Myeloma
On September 26, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved daratumumab (Darzalex®) for adult patients with multiple myeloma in combination with bortezomib, thalidomide, and dexamethasone in newly diagnosed patients who are eligible for autologous stem cell transplant.
Ancestry Analysis Identifies Genetic Cause for Increased Multiple Myeloma in African Americans
Three cytogenetic subtypes are particularly responsible for the increased incidence of multiple myeloma in people of African descent, according to the results of a study published in Blood Cancer Journal.
Genetics Plays a Role in Treatment Response for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma
No molecular-informed personalized therapies are currently available for patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM); however, cytogenetics and next-generation sequencing (NGS) can identify molecular abnormalities to provide guidance for more targeted therapy. Tarek Assi, MD, of Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus in Villejuif, France, discussed his research team’s findings that tumor genotyping is associated with higher response rates and prolonged duration of therapy at the ASH Annual Meeting on December 1, 2018.
Infection Linked to Early Mortality in Post-ASCT Multiple Myeloma
Patients with multiple myeloma are at increased risk for early death from infection after high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), according to the results of a study published in the American Journal of Hematology.
Multiple Myeloma Survivors Still Experience Symptoms and Psychological Concerns
Survival from multiple myeloma (MM) has improved, and more attention is required for symptom burden and psychological impact in the long-term management of this disease. Researchers assessed the incidence of self-reported pain, depression, financial and family burden, and impairment of performance status, as well as determined the correlation of total distress with survival. Joshua R. Richter, MD, at the John Theurer Cancer Center in Hackensack, NJ, discussed the findings at the ASH Annual Meeting.
Patients With MM Receiving PIs Need Herpes Zoster Prophylaxis
Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who receive proteasome inhibitors (PIs) are at an increased risk for herpes zoster infection, and National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines recommend antiviral prophylaxis for these patients. Researchers examined the use of and adherence to antiviral agents in this patient population. Siyang Leng, MD, at Columbia University Medical Center in Sunnyside, New York, discussed the findings at the ASH Annual Meeting.
Manage Oncologic Emergencies With Multiple Myeloma
As new therapies come to market, patients with multiple myeloma have more treatment options that are improving outcomes and extending overall survival. However, the most effective options involve multidrug combinations and continuous maintenance therapy, which can result in cumulative toxicities and the potential for oncologic emergencies.
Bortezomib May Improve Outcomes in Multiple Myeloma
Adding bortezomib to combination therapy with lenalidomide and dexamethasone may improve progression-free and overall survival in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. The study findings were published in Lancet.
FDA Approves Lenalidomide as Maintenance Therapy for Patients With Multiple Myeloma
On February 22, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lenalidomide (Revlimid®, Celgene Corp.) as maintenance therapy for patients with multiple myeloma following autologous stem cell transplant.