FDA Approves Alectinib for ALK-Positive, Advanced, Metastatic NSCLC
On November 6, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to alectinib (Alecensa) for treatment of patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as detected by an FDA-approved test.
Recent Drug Approvals Offer New Options for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer, Genitourinary Cancers, and More
Cancer treatment options continue to multiply as 2017 continues, with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granting multiple new drug approvals and broadening indications for others. Oncology clinicians and nurses are challenged with staying abreast of treatment option expansions and navigating the dynamic field of cancer treatment to effectively navigate their patients through the treatment trajectory, educating on vital points relative to treatment, minimizing morbidity and mortality, and optimizing quality of life. Following is an overview of the latest approvals for the second quarter of 2017.
Dendritic Cell Vaccine Uses Immune System to Fight NSCLC
A new study testing a dendritic cell vaccine for the first time in humans to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has shown that it successfully amplifies the immune system to boost the effectiveness of anti-PD-1 immunotherapies against the cancer. The findings were published in Clinical Cancer Research.
“Light” Cigarettes to Blame for Rise in Lung Adenocarcinoma
High-ventilation (light) cigarettes have no health benefits to smokers and have likely contributed to increased incidence of adenocarcinoma deep in the lungs, according to the results of a new study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
FDA Broadens Ceritinib Indication to Previously Untreated ALK-Positive Metastatic NSCLC
On May 26, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted regular approval to ceritinib (Zykadia®, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp.) for patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors are anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive as detected by an FDA-approved test.
FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Pembrolizumab in Combination With Pemetrexed and Carboplatin for Treatment of Metastatic Non-Squamous NSCLC
On May 10, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab in combination with pemetrexed and carboplatin for the treatment of patients with previously untreated metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.
FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Brigatinib for ALK-Positive NSCLC
On April 28, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to brigatinib for the treatment of patients with metastatic anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have progressed on or are intolerant to crizotinib.
Recent FDA-Approved Drugs Offer More Options for NSCLC and Other Cancers
The end of 2016 proved to be a busy and exciting time for cancer breakthroughs, seeing eight new U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approvals for immunotherapy and biotherapy. Following is a summary of cancer-related FDA approvals in the last quarter of 2016, indications for treatment, and associated clinical implications.
Cancer Deaths Fall 25% Since 1991
Research, treatment, and technology surges throughout the 1990s have led to a 25% reduction in cancer mortality rates since 1991, according to the American Cancer Society’s (ACS’s) latest Cancer Statistics, 2017, report (Siegel, Miller, & Jemal, 2016). The decline in cancer-related deaths accounts for more than 2.1 million lives saved between 1991 and 2014.