Oncology Drug Reference Sheet: Combination Trastuzumab and Hyaluronidase-Oysk

June 18, 2019 by Chelsea Backler MSN, APRN, AGCNS-BC, AOCNS®

A new product that combines trastuzumab and hyaluronidase (Herceptin Hylecta™) received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval in February 2019 for the treatment of HER2-overexpressing breast cancer. The approval was based on the results of two randomized trials: HannaH and SafeHER

Category/Class

The biologic product is a combination of the HER2/neu receptor antagonist (trastuzumab) and endoglycosidase (hyaluronidase). Because it is a biologic agent, the nonproprietary name includes a four-letter suffix based on FDA naming conventions.       

Indication

The combination product is indicated for adjuvant treatment of adults with HER2-overexpressing, node positive or node negative (estrogen-receptor and progesterone-receptor negative or with one high-risk feature) breast cancer in the following situations:

It is also indicated for adults with metastatic, HER2-overexpressing breast cancer in these situations:

Dosing

Dosing for the combination product is 600 mg/10,000 units (600 mg trastuzumab and 10,000 units hyaluronidase) administered subcutaneously. No loading dose is required. No dose adjustments are recommended for patient body weight. 

Note: The dosing is different than IV trastuzumab, and the combination product should not be administered via IV. It should not be substituted for the immunoconjugate product ado-trastuzumab emtansine.              

Administration

The combination product is given every three weeks as a ready-to-use solution that is administered subcutaneously over two to five minutes. The solution does not need to be diluted. FDA recommended attaching the hypodermic injection needle to the syringe immediately prior to administering the dose, then adjusting the volume to 5 ml. 

Alternate injection sites between the left and right thigh. Do not administer into areas that are red, bruised, tender, or hard. Avoid areas with scarring or moles. Administer new injections 2.5 cm from previous injection site on healthy skin

Adverse Reactions 

The following black box warnings are included with the FDA labeling for combination trastuzumab and hyaluronidase-oysk

Other warnings and precautions include:

Nursing Considerations

Drug-Drug and Drug-Food Interactions 

Patients receiving anthracycline therapy (e.g., doxorubicin, epirubicin) after stopping combination trastuzumab and hyaluronidase-oysk may be at increased risk for cardiac dysfunction because of the long elimination period; package labeling recommends that anthracycline-based therapy be avoided for seven months after stopping the combination product

Patient Education  

Advise patients of the potential embryo-fetal risk and the need for effective contraception while on therapy and for seven months following the last dose. Report any new onset or worsening shortness of breath, cough, edema, palpitations, weight gain of more than five pounds in 24 hours, dizziness, or loss of consciousness. Discuss the potential for pulmonary toxicity, particularly in the 24 hours following administration

Safe Handling   

Because of the known embryo-fetal toxicity following exposure to combination trastuzumab and hyaluronidase-oysk, nurses should exercise hazardous drug precautions when handling

Patient Assistance    

The manufacturer has a patient assistance tool online. Visit genentech-access.com/hcp.html for more information or call 866-422-2377. 


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