What Women Need to Know About Preventing Gynecologic Cancers
Not that long ago, women were told to get a Pap test every year. And most of us did, even though it wasn’t always clear why we were being tested. We just did what we were told and thought it was a surefire way to stay healthy. But times and recommendations have changed about what test to have, how often to have it, and the reason to have it.
CDC Announces National Screen Out Cancer Health Campaign
Targeted to healthcare providers, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released a new public service health campaign to call attention to the importance of regular screenings for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancers. The Screen Out Cancer campaign is designed to raise awareness to ensure that patients and providers know that prevention begins with knowledge.
Asymptomatic Screening Can Improve Survival Rates in Patients With Recurrent Breast Cancer
Current guidelines recommend asymptomatic surveillance of breast cancer only for the detection of locoregional recurrences. Researchers from the Asan Medical Center in Seoul, Republic of Korea, conducted a retrospective 10-year survival analysis of a large cohort of patients with recurrent breast cancer to identify the impact of early detection on survival outcomes and presented the findings at the .
Screening Intervention Improves Access to Mammograms
Access to quality breast cancer screening and treatment may contribute to racial disparities outcomes. In 2016, researchers at the urban safety net Cook County Health and Hospitals System in Chicago, IL, implemented changes in mammography practices, which included installing digital machines at one of four sites, centralizing reading of images at a single site with radiologists specialized in mammography, and increasing care coordination such as enhanced patient outreach efforts. The efforts improved screening volume and cancer detection, according to the results presented at the .
Screening for DDX41 Mutation Can Guide Treatment Decisions for Myeloid Neoplasms
Germline mutations in DDX41 may increase a patient’s lifetime risk of late-onset myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Identification of this germline mutation leads to more timely and appropriate care for patients with myeloid neoplasms, according to a study. Sarah Bannon, MS, of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, discussed the findings at the ASH Annual Meeting on December 2, 2018.
New Gene-Based Tests Screen and Monitor for Bladder, Endometrial, and Ovarian Cancers
Researchers have developed two new gene-based tests that detect DNA mutations that lead to bladder, endometrial, and ovarian cancers. The tests, which are not yet U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved, could be used to identify a new or relapsed cancer earlier, when it is easier to treat.
Which of the Following Patient Types Is Not Indicated for Lung Cancer Screening With Low-Dose Helical Computed Tomography?
Which of the Following Patient Types Is Not Indicated for Lung Cancer Screening With Low-dose Helical Computed Tomography?
A. Is a current or former smoker
B. Is 55–74 years old
C. Has a 10–20 pack-year history
D. Has a 30 pack-year history but no signs or symptoms of lung cancer
Prevent Colorectal Cancer Through Screening
Of cancers affecting both men and women, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading killer in the United States. In 2014, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 139,992 people in the United States were diagnosed with CRC and 51,651 people died from it. Oncology nurses know that screening tests allow for healthcare providers to remove polyps before they become cancer or identify CRC in its earliest, most treatable stages. Clearly, screening is key to preventing CRC, most insurance plans cover screening, and patients now have more screening test options than ever. So why is CRC still so common? Why do people we know and care about still get this disease?
New Blood Test Paves Way for Targeted Treatment for Prostate Cancer
A new three-in-one blood test that analyzes cancer DNA in the bloodstream before and during treatment will allow providers to understand and track which patients are likely to benefit from treatment with olaparib, a PARP inhibitor. Additionally, researchers found which genetic mutations prostate cancers use to resist treatment with olaparib. The study was published in Cancer Discovery.
Local Organizations Can Make a Big Difference in Cancer Care
I have the privilege of managing and being the sole provider in a unique program. I work in the Hereditary Cancer Program at Saint Louis University Cancer Center, where I provide risk assessment services and education about genetic testing to individuals and families in the region. It’s an amazing nursing role, and I can truly help people prevent cancer and manage their risk.
More Women Undergo BRCA Testing, but Not High-Risk Patients
BRCA gene testing is on the rise for women who do not meet the referral requirements based on family history, researchers reported in study findings published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. At the same time, many high-risk women do not obtain the test and remain unidentified.
ONS Lobbies for Breast Cancer Screening Act in Congress
Alongside congressional representatives Debbie Wasserman Schultz and Susan Brooks, ONS and other organizations are lobbying for support of the Protecting Access to Lifesaving Screenings (PALS) Act. This legislation would push insurance companies—along with the Veterans Health Administration—to provide access and coverage to breast cancer screenings for women aged 40–49.
Revised USPSTF Draft Guidelines Recommend Individual Prostate Cancer Screening Decisions
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has issued new draft revisions for prostate cancer screening guidelines. In the draft, the USPSTF has changed its previous stance on prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening tests for men aged 55–69. The drafted guidelines now recommend PSA screening tests for men aged 55–69 based on individual assessment. The USPSTF has upgraded its recommendation from D to C, encouraging physicians to discuss with their patients whether PSA testing is right for them. The USPSTF still recommends against PSA screening tests in patients aged 70 or older.
Study Finds Increased Colorectal Cancer Rates in Younger Adults
Although overall rates of colorectal cancer have been falling since the 1970s and ‘80s, incidence of the disease has been increasing dramatically in patients younger than 50 years, according to the results of a new study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Mammography Cutoffs Should Be Based on Individual Health History
Researchers conducting the largest study to date on screening mammography outcomes have found no evidence to support stopping mammography screenings at a certain age. The findings were presented at the 2016 Radiological Society of North America annual meeting.
Mammography Cutoffs Should Be Based on Individual Health History
PCORI to Study Breast Cancer Recurrence Screening
FDA Recommends Against Ovarian Cancer Screening Tests
Final Recommendation Statement Screening for Colorectal Cancer
USPSTF Releases Updated Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines
CDC Division of Cancer Prevention and Control Speaks on Women’s Cancer Screenings
Imaging Tests Are Overused in Early-Stage Breast Cancer
Online Tool Helps Women With Mammogram Decisions
Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines Make the News Again
There are numerous activities to promote breast cancer awareness. My youngest daughter, Elaine, is a nursing student who also swims for the Saint Louis University Billikens. During October, the entire team, men and women donned pink caps and shirts instead of their typical bright blue to promote awareness about breast cancer. The team was unified on this one, and I have no doubt it made people stop and think. Anything that makes people think about the early detection of breast cancer is a good thing.